Brescia lies at the foot of the hills below the Pre-Alps, bordering on the Po Plain. Its location is favourable to industry, trade and tourism.
Brescia is rich in culture and traditions: it was first populated by many populations (Ligurians, Etrurians, Celts, etc..). In 27 BC Brixia turned to be part of the Roman empire. In the 7th Century AD the city became the capital of a Lombard duchy and around the 11th Century it turned into a medieval commune, that was disputed by many conquerors, such as Milan and Venice. During the Venetian rule, Brescia prospered in both agricultural and handicrafted fields , increasing, for example, weapons' production. At the end of the 18th Century, the French army led by Napoleon put an end to Venetian rule, so Brescia became part of the Cisalpine Republic and of the Regno d'Italia (Italian Reign). After the fall of Napoleon reign, Brescia became part of the Austria-Hungarian Empire until 1849, when the people of Brescia came up against Austrian rules. The city was called "Leonessa d'Italia" (the Lioness of Italy) because of the courage shown during those memorable days, also named “Dieci Giornate” (Ten Days).